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“The Nelson Homestead” on 9.25 Acres

26800 Cash Corner Rd, Crisfield, MD 21817, USA
$98,000

Description

The Nelson Homestead

An Extremely Rare and Lovely Historic Property

The Nelson Homestead has been designated one of the top 10 most important endangered sites in Maryland by Preservation Maryland. It is tucked away on a very private 9.25 acres of meadow, woods and marshland, and is considered architecturally significant because of its craftsmanship and the fact that 90% of the original structure and millwork are still intact. It is on the National and State Historic registers. Architectural and soil engineer reports, scope of work plans, and previous bids for rehabilitation work are available to the next steward of this wonderful property. It is zoned residential / educational. This is a project house. Serious inquiries only.

Architectural Description (by Paul Touart):
The Nelson Homestead / Elisha Riggin House is a c1836 telescope style frame house that stands on the northeast plot of ground at the intersection of Cash Corner and Old state Roads near Crisfield. the three part frame house faces south with the gable running on an east/west axis. The entire house rests on a minimal brick pier foundation and is sheathed with narrow weather boards (cyprus/cedar) while it is covered with a medium to steeply pitched series of asphalt shingle roofs. A large brick chimney rises from the east end of the main block and a smaller stack protrudes through the east end of the kitchen wing.

Due to consistent construction features found throughout the house it is believed the three parts were built in one period and not in successive stages as commonly thought with all telescope style houses. The south (main) three-bay elevation of the main house is symmetrically arranged with a center raised six-panel door and flanking sir over six sash windows. A single-pane transom tops the door. The door and windows are framed by a narrow ovolo molding. The second floor is lighted by three six over six sash windows. Stretching across the base of the roof is a boxed cornice embellished with carved modillions as well as a gougework row that consists of a repeating series of several short horizontal gouges interrupted by a short vertical gouge. This design is repeated in the parlor chair rail molding. One of the most distinctive features of the house is the highly unusual end board design in the shape of an upside down U.

Stretching across the western five bays of the house is a shed porch supported by square posts. The west gable end of the main block is pierced by two six over six sash windows on each floor including the attic. The attic windows are slightly smaller. The south facade of the center section is a two bay elevation with a single six panel door in the west bay and a six over six sash window in the adjacent bay. The second floor is lighted by two six over six sash windows. A boxed cornice is trimmed with a bed and crown molding. The 11/2-story south elevation of the third section, the kitchen, is also a two bay elevation with a centrally located, partially glazed door and six over six sash window. The cornice is the same as the middle section. The east gable end of the kitchen is marked by an exposed, common bond brick fire wall. A pair of two over two sash windows light the attic and flank the internal end chimney stack. The plain bargeboard finishes the gable end. The north side of both the kitchen and middle sections is covered by a single story shed addition, added in the late 1970s. Second floor window and roof details remain consistent with the rest of the house. The north elevation of the main hose has three six over six sash windows on each floor in addition to the same intricate cornice as the front of the house. Interior finish surfaces have remained largely unaltered with 95% of the fine period woodwork intact.

The first floor room of the main block is the most elaborate room with a raised panel end wall and raised panel wainscoting. The pine paneling retains a finish of yellow-brown tiger maple graining. A forest green chair rail molding tops the wainscoting and is embellished with gougework detail. the focal point of the room is the east end wall paneling and an ogee molded cornice with a bold dentil row under the ogee A partially enclosed stair was formerly located in the northeast corner of the room and is marked by a ghost on the flooring. When the stair was relocated in the middle room the three originally exposed steps were removed and the old stringer was moved against the adjacent wall surface. Two raised panels were made to fill the open space below the stair door the four panel stair door was left on its hinges and opens into the remaining steps. A ghost on the adjacent door stile indicates the profile of the now missing handrail. Immediately right of the old stair is a Four-panel door that opens into the space below the stair. The mantel is a curious combination of Federal and Greek Revival elements. Framing the hearth is a molded surround which visually supports a three-part frieze and molded mantel shelf. The frieze is decorated with a variety of reeded and applied ornament. Centered in the frieze is a fan-shaped reeded block, and located to each side are small decorative wooden figures in the shape of crows feet. The cornice molding is broken out at each end and the shelf oddly extends out to incorporate flanking turned posts with chevron reeding in the top blocks. Above the mantel the space is marked by four rectangular raised panels. To the right side of the chimney breast the space is similarly paneled while one panel is a small cupboard door. Immediately south of the chimney breast is a six-panel door that opens into the middle room. The middle room is also distinguished by intact end wall paneling and wainscoting. However the wainscoting consists of flush boards topped by a simple early 19th- century chair rail. The west end wall is distinguished by the decorated hearth wall. The hearth is framed by an intricately molded surround that supports a simple board shelf. In contrast to the main room the overmantel is finished with flat paneling divided by four vertical stiles trimmed with slight inset cavetto strip molding. To the right (north) of the hearth is a divided closet with a nine-pane door on the top and a board door below. The top three panes of the glazed door have arches. The l933 stair has a square newel post and square balusters that support a simply molded handrail. Naturally, the stair provides access to the second floor rooms over the main and middle sections. The second floor of the main house is divided into three rooms. The primary room was provided with a small hearth while the other two rooms remained without a direct source of heat. A small very late Federal style mantel surrounds the firebox. Plain pilasters support a single-panel frieze which is topped by a molded mantel shelf. Rising in the southeast corner of the room is an enclosed winder stair that provides access to the attic. The stair is enclosed with beaded boards.

The roof consists of a common rafter system with lapped collar beams fastened with cut nails. The other two rooms are plainly finished. The board and batten doors in the other two rooms are plainly finished. The board and batten doors are framed by beaded surrounds. Each room measures approximately seven feet by seven feet. The second floor room of the middle section is simply finished without notable details. A board and batten door does provide access into the room above the kitchen. The kitchen retains almost all its early features. In this instance the east end wall is treated with a Federal period mantel and paneled overmantel. The room is also fitted with plain board wainscoting and a simple chair rail. Overhead the first floor joists are treated with a slight bead. The wall surfaces above the wainscoting are plastered. The large firebox is framed by a similarly molded surround while supporting a five-part frieze with reeded frieze blocks. The molded shelf is broken in a consistent line with each frieze block. Located to the right {south) of the hearth is a built-in glazed cupboard with two eight-pane doors with arched top panes. An applied molding with rounded ends divides the glazed doors from the two flat panel doors below. Fixed in the northeast corner is an enclosed winder stair with three exposed steps. The balance of the stair is behind a flat four-panel door. A narrow two-panel door opens into the small space below the stair. As in the middle room the space above the mantel is paneled and divided in this case with seven vertical stiles that have a slightly molded edge. The second floor is divided into two rooms by a plastered stud partition. The molded door surround remains, but the door has been removed. A wooden keeper for a door latch remains on the north door surround while screw holes for the hinges mark the south surround. The remaining feature is a circa 1933 replacement balustrade with a rectangular newel post and rectangular balusters.

A small gabled frame building accompanies the house but offers no additional significance. Located at the east side of the property is a Riggin and Wilson family cemetery fenced with Victorian period railing.

Detail

  • Property ID
    160948
  • 4
    Bedrooms
  • Property Size
    1776 sqft
  • Land Size
    9.25 acres
  • Federal
    Style
  • Icon
    Year Built
    1830

Updated on June 13, 2019 at 1:57 pm

Address

  • Address: 26800 Cash Corner Rd, Crisfield, MD 21817, USA
  • City: Crisfield
  • State/county: Maryland
  • Zip/Postal Code: 21817
  • Country: United States

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